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Instructional coaching – A personalised approach to teacher development

Instructional coaching – A personalised approach to teacher development

Effective teacher development is the cornerstone of quality education. In the quest for excellence in teaching, instructional coaching has emerged as a powerful method to enhance teachers’ skills and, ultimately, improve student outcomes.  

This personalised approach to teacher development offers an opportunity to work closely with experienced colleagues to identify and address specific areas of growth. In this article, we will explore the concept of instructional coaching, its principles, and its profound impact on both teachers and students. 

The Power of Instructional Coaching 


Instructional coaching is a dynamic process that bridges the gap between theory and practice in teaching. It acknowledges that teaching is an ever-evolving profession, and that all teachers benefit from ongoing support and development. The essence of instructional coaching lies in the mentorship and collaboration between teachers, fostering a culture of continuous improvement. 

Steve Farndon, Fellow at the Ambition Institute, aptly describes the significance of instructional coaching, stating that it possesses one of the most robust evidence bases among various forms of Continuing Professional Development (CPD). Its potential to bring about meaningful change in teaching practices makes it a compelling choice for teachers wanting to make a difference in their classrooms. 


The Principles of Instructional Coaching 

To understand the essence of instructional coaching, it’s essential to delve into its guiding principles. Jim Knight, a renowned expert in the field, has outlined the Partnership Principles in his book Unmistakable Impact, which are: 


Coaching operates on a level playing field where both the coach and the teacher have equal roles in the partnership. It recognises that everyone has valuable insights to offer.


Teachers are given the autonomy to choose their areas of focus and growth. This personalised approach ensures that coaching aligns with their unique needs and aspirations.


Teachers are encouraged to express their thoughts, concerns, and ideas openly. This open dialogue fosters trust and allows for more effective collaboration.


Reflection is a cornerstone of instructional coaching. Teachers and coaches engage in thoughtful self-assessment and analysis of teaching practices to identify areas for improvement.


Coaching thrives on meaningful conversations. It is through dialogue that teachers and coaches explore strategies, share expertise, and co-construct solutions to teaching challenges.


The coaching process isn’t limited to theory; it extends to practical implementation. Teachers are supported in applying new strategies in their classrooms, bridging the gap between theory and practice.


Instructional coaching is a two-way street. Coaches also learn from the teachers they support, creating a reciprocal learning relationship.

The impact of instructional coaching 

Instructional coaching is a mechanism-rich approach to teacher development, as it addresses ingrained habits and encourages the adoption of new behaviours. This process is not a one-size-fits-all model, instead it is highly personalised, allowing teachers to target their growth areas effectively. 

The impact of instructional coaching has a domino effect. When teachers continuously improve their practice, students benefit immensely. They experience a more engaging and effective learning environment, leading to improved academic outcomes. Moreover, students witness the importance of lifelong learning and adaptability, skills that extend far beyond the classroom and into their future endeavours. 




Instructional coaching is more than just a teacher development tool! It is a philosophy that champions continuous improvement in education. By adhering to the Partnership Principles and embracing a personalised approach, instructional coaching empowers teachers to elevate their practice and inspire students to reach their full potential. 

As we focus on the well-being and success of our students, instructional coaching remains an invaluable resource on the path to educational excellence. 

Find out how ProgressTeaching can help your school to easily facilitate instructional coaching:

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